Tiles are classified as Ceramic, but over the years they have been divided into two groups, ‘non-porcelain tiles’ and porcelain tiles. Any tiles these days that are ‘non-porcelain’ are referred to as ‘Ceramic’.
Ceramic Tiles ‘non-porcelain tiles’ are generally made from red or white clay that are fired in a kiln. They have a durable glazed finish that contains the color and pattern of the tile. Used in both wall and floor tile applications they are suitable for very light to moderate traffic applications.
Porcelain Tiles are generally made from porcelain clays that have used the dust pressed method to create a tile that is harder, wear and damage resistant and a much lower water absorption rate than a ‘non-porcelain tile’ making them frost resistant. Glazed porcelain tiles can be used for residential and light commercial traffic applications. Full body porcelain tiles that carry the color and pattern though the entire thickness of the tile are suitable for residential and high commercial/industrial applications.